The dog is not considered man’s best friend for a few reasons, since for millennia he has proven himself as the most loyal and affectionate ally with mankind. Although by nature a dog is an affectionate animal with its owners, being always grateful to whom it feeds or gives love, it is not bad to improve the education that the pet will already have by instinct.
For this you can go to a guide to train dogs or look online for professional ads and academies specializing in dog education. However, before going to such help, it is not enough to familiarize ourselves with some basic principles of canine education.
The first thing to keep in mind is that every dog needs to learn certain behaviors if we want him to take his needs away from home, not to bark the guests or to stay next to his master when he goes for a walk. In order to introduce these and other behaviors into a dog’s mind, it is necessary to follow a series of recommendations as simple as they are useful.
Importance of repetition. The only way a dog can learn something is by repeating it dozens of times. That is why, for example, it is necessary to get the dog to do his needs until he understands that he can only do them outside the house.
Utility of positive reinforcement. Although dogs are very receptive to discipline, we must differentiate between positive reinforcements, as a treat, and negative ones, such as physical punishment. It is proven that the former, if not abused, help the dog to retain what is learned, while the latter is counterproductive, because the animal will end up obeying for fear and with the possibility of it being revealed attacking its owner or third parties.
Need for tranquility and time. Of course, the best thing to educate a dog is to do it without worry. It is best to reserve some time of the day or week and dedicate it entirely to the pet, in order that with patience finish learning.
Differentiation between servant and master. The sentimental ties between a person and his or her pet can become tremendously strong, something that no doubt already knows who has had pets, which offer a totally pure and unconditional love. But it must be remembered that during education the dog is a pupil, because if the educator is not firm enough the animal will choose not to pay too much attention or directly ignore it.
Besides the education itself to make the dog more docile and servile, we must not forget the learning of commands, or orders, that allow to have the animal always controlled. Commands should be taught just like a behavior, through repetition and with positive reinforcement, something that will eventually be internalized by the animal and will end up becoming a habit. The ideal is to start with simpler commands and to complicate them as the training progresses. The commands can be either gestural or vocal or a sum of both.
The name of the dog. The first command usually learned by a dog is its own name, which is used primarily to call it. Teaching it is very simple, just walk away from it and call it by its name so that it approaches.
Sitting / Quiet. The second command is usually one of these two, in order for the animal to calm down or remain in a static situation. A very useful command to prevent the dog from getting too excited, in situations of tension or play.
Varied tricks. After learning the basic commands, any dog can master a variety of different commands, from rolling to fooling. Of course, the more complicated commands will require more effort and time, but all are controllable by giving them the necessary energy.